Who is Xi Jinping?
Xi Jinping (Birth Name) (born 15 June 1953) is a Chinese politician serving as the general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC), President of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), and president of the Central Military Commission (CMC). Xi has been the remarkable leader, the highest-ranking official in China, since 2012 and he officially received the title of “leadership core” from the Communist Party of China in 2016.
Xi is the first general secretary after the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. Since assuming power, Xi has introduced far-ranging measures to impose party discipline and to enforce internal unity.
His anti-corruption campaign has led to the collapse of important incumbent and retired Communist Party officials, including members of the Politburo Standing Committee.
He has also enacted or supported more assertive foreign policy, particularly with regard to China–Japan relations, China’s rights in the South China Sea, and its advocacy for free trade and globalization. He has searched for expand China’s African and Eurasian influence through the Belt and Road Initiative.
Completing one of his early promises, Xi almost immediately jumped on a campaign to deal with government corruption. He picked up some of the country’s most powerful figures, including former security chief Zhou Yongkang, and by the end of 2014 the Chinese Communist Party had disciplined more than 100,000 officials.
Xi faced with a new challenge at the end of 2019 with the epidemic of a pneumonia-like illness in the city of Wuhan. Chinese authorities tried to close off Wuhan on January 23, 2020, but the new coronavirus had already escaped the country’s borders; by February 10, it was noticed that more than 900 people had died from the virus in China alone, surpassing the total from the SARS epidemic of 2002-3. Xi and the Communist Party drew criticism for their first response to the crisis — including a reported attempt to silence the doctor who first raised the alarm about the illness — and for the crackdown on travel and personal liberties that followed. However, the government’s efforts appeared to be paying off with the rate of new infections finally slowing in March, prompting the president to make his first visit to Wuhan since the outbreak began.
Born: 15 June 1953 (age 66) Beijing, China
Political Party: Communist Party of China (1974–present)
Wife(s): Ke Lingling (married. 1979; divorced. 1982) Peng Liyuan (married. 1987) Children: Xi Mingze (daughter)
Parents: Xi Zhongxun (father) Qi Xin (mother)
Cognates: Xi Yuanping (brother) Qi Qiaoqiao (sister) Qi Anan (sister) Deng Jiagui (brother-in-law) Zhang Lanlan (sister-in-law) Ke Hua (former father–in–law)
Place of Residence: Zhongnanhai
Education: Tsinghua University (Bachelor of Engineering, Legum Doctor)